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Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes? Understanding the Differences
What’s your type? That age-old dating question takes on a whole new meaning when you have diabetes.
Type 1 and type 2 diabetes have different causes. Type 1 is more often genetic. Being overweight is the main risk factor for type 2. However, both types involve problems with the hormone insulin.
Insulin helps your body use glucose for energy. Because people with diabetes have problems making or using insulin, high levels of glucose can build up in the blood. This can damage your nerves, eyes, heart, and other organs. Healthy eating, exercise, and checking your blood glucose are the cornerstones of treatment, no matter what your type.
Type 1: The Body Turns Against Itself
About 5 percent of people with diabetes have type 1. You can be diagnosed with type 1 diabetes at any age. However, most new cases develop in children, teens, or young adults.
Type 2: A Growing Threat
It was once called adult-onset diabetes. Now type 2 is increasingly diagnosed at a younger age, notes the journal Health Affairs. Today about 95 percent of the estimated 25.8 million Americans with diabetes have type 2.
Check out your local Rite Aid to find the diabetes supplies you need and talk to your Rite Aid Pharmacist.
“Causes of Diabetes.” National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. www.diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/causes.
“Confronting the Urgent Challenge of Diabetes: An Overview.” J.E. Fradkin. Health Affairs. Vol. 31, no.1, pp. 12–19. content.healthaffairs.org/content/31/1/12.
“Diabetes.” J.M. Torpy. The Journal of the American Medical Association. Vol. 305, no. 24, p. 2592. jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=646758.
“Diabetes, Type 1.” National Institutes of Health. www.report.nih.gov/NIHfactsheets/ViewFactSheet.aspx?csid=120&key=D#D.
“Diabetes, Type 2.” National Institutes of Health. www.report.nih.gov/NIHfactsheets/ViewFactSheet.aspx?csid=121&key=D#D.
“Facts About Type 1.” American Diabetes Association. www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/type-1/facts-about-type-1.html?print=t.
“Facts About Type 2.” American Diabetes Association. www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/type-2/facts-about-type-2.html?print=t.
National Diabetes Fact Sheet, 2011. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/pdf/ndfs_2011.pdf.
“Type 1 diabetes.” PubMed Health. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001356/.
“Type 2 diabetes.” PubMed Health. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001356/.
“What I need to know about Gestational Diabetes.” National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. www.diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/gestational_ES/index.aspx.
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