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Your Guide to Managing Arthritis

In a truly comprehensive medical encyclopedia, you’d find more than 100 diseases and conditions under the word “arthritis.” But many people with arthritis have one of two diseases, rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis.

Some of the symptoms—including pain and stiffness around one or more joints—seem similar. The causes and treatment, however, differ.

What Is RA and Osteoarthritis?

  • Rheumatoid arthritis, also known as RA, occurs when your body’s own immune system begins attacking your joints. Along with joint pain, you may have fatigue, a low-grade fever, and weight loss.
  • Osteoarthritis happens when the cartilage and other tissue cushioning your joints wears down with time and use.

Why Do I Have It?

  • Doctors don’t understand why some people develop RA and others don’t. It affects more women than men. Hormones and genes may play a role.
  • Osteoarthritis may run in families. But getting older, being overweight, injuring your joints, or having a job that involves repetitive motion increase your risk. This type also occurs more frequently in women.

Who Should I Talk To?
If you have signs of arthritis, talk with your primary care doctor. He or she may refer you to a rheumatologist—a doctor with special training in arthritis and related conditions.

What Are the Treatments for Arthritis?
Treatments for arthritis include rest, exercise, proper diet, medication, and instruction from your physician about the proper use of joints and ways to conserve energy.

  • Some medications can help with the pain and inflammation of arthritis. For example, acetaminophen may help ease the pain, while NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), such as ibuprofen, naproxen, and ketoprofen, may be helpful with pain and swelling. Medications called disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) can slow the joint damage caused by RA. They work best when you start them early—so it’s important to seek treatment as soon as you notice signs of arthritis. Your doctor will closely monitor how well you’re doing on the medications and watch for side effects, such as infection. Pain medications can soothe aches and reduce swelling in osteoarthritis. If you’re heavy, losing weight can often reduce symptoms. Your doctor can give you shots to relieve severe cases.
  • Surgery to replace all or part of a damaged joint, such as a knee or hip, may be suggested for joints with serious damage.

What Everyday Activities Might Help?
Moderate, consistent exercise may relieve pain and improve your quality of life if you have either type of arthritis. Talk with your doctor about the best program for you. Many people find relief—and joy—in recreational and leisure activities, including gardening, swimming, and dancing.

Arthritis Experiences Vary
Though knowing the basics can help, everyone handles arthritis differently—you might not have a textbook case. Working with your doctor on a treatment plan can help you reduce pain, protect your joints, and live an active life despite arthritis.

Always consult your physician, pharmacist, or other healthcare professional before changing your daily activity, diet, or adding a supplement.

Shop for arthritis pain relief products now online.


 

Sources

“Arthritis Advice.” National Institute on Aging, February 2012. www.nia.nih.gov/health/publication/arthritis-advice.

“Arthritis Treatment Timeline.” Arthritis Foundation, 2013. www.arthritistoday.org/about-arthritis/types-of-arthritis/rheumatoid-arthritis/treatment-plan/treatment-choices/treatment-timeline.php

“Drug Guide: DMARDs.” Arthritis Foundation, 2013. www.arthritistoday.org/arthritis-treatment/medications/types-of-drugs/disease-modifying-drugs/drug-guide-dmards.php.

“Exercise and Arthritis.” American College of Rheumatology, February 2012. www.rheumatology.org/Practice/Clinical/Patients/Diseases_And_Conditions/Exercise_and_Arthritis.

“Frequently Asked Questions—General Public.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, August 1, 2011. www.cdc.gov/arthritis/basics/faqs.htm.

“Handout on Health: Rheumatoid Arthritis.” National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, April 2013. www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Rheumatic_Disease/default.asp.

“Osteoarthritis.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, September 1, 2011. www.cdc.gov/arthritis/basics/osteoarthritis.htm.

“Physical Activity and Arthritis Overview.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, October 23, 2013. www.cdc.gov/arthritis/pa_overview.htm.

“Questions and Answers about Arthritis and Rheumatic Diseases.” National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, April 2012. www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Arthritis/arthritis_rheumatic_qa.asp.

“Rheumatoid Arthritis.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, November. 19, 2012. www.cdc.gov/arthritis/basics/rheumatoid.htm.